Role of Self Help Groups in Empowerment of Rural Women
Miss Hardeep Kaur, Researcher, Department of Commerce, Punjabi University, Patiala and
Dr. Navkiranjit Kaur, Lecturer in Commerce, Department of Commerce, Punjabi University, Patiala.
Women in India are victims of a multiple socio-economic and cultural factors.They are an integral part of every economy. All round development and harmonious growth of a nation would be possible only when women are considered as equal partners in progress with men. Emancipation of women is a pre-requisite for nation's economic development and social upliftment. Poverty is the main obstacle for the improvement of the women. The role of women and the need to empower them are central to human development programs including poverty alleviation. In spite of various programs relating to poverty alleviation has been started, it was observed that woman in rural areas, especially from the poor families could be benefited. Rapid progress in SHG formation has now turned into an empowerment movement among women across the country. Economic empowerment results in women’s ability to influence or make decision, increased self confidence, better status and role in household etc. The formation of SHGs is not ultimately a micro credit project but an empowerment process. The empowerment of women through SHGs would give benefit not only to the individual women but also for the family and community as a whole through collective action for development. The present study is carried out with the objective to study the role of self help groups in empowerment of rural women. This study was complied with the help of secondary data. The data have been collected from various annual reports of NABARD, various progress reports of SHGs, Statistical Abstract of India, various publications of RBI etc. A period of 2006-07 and 2007-08 has been selected for the study.